All Japanese citizens are entitled to receive free health care in Japan. A wide range of medical treatments and facilities are available to people at no or little costs. There are many public and private hospitals as well as small clinics. This industrialized nation has excellent record in providing all types of medical facilities to its citizens. All hospitals and clinics use latest equipments and technologies. Free screening examinations are available for prenatal care, infectious diseases and certain other diseases. Both national and local governments provide health care. There is universal health care insurance system prevalent in Japan. It allows every citizen to have affordable access to the health care system.
Long Life Expectancy
Japanese experience long life expectancy not only due to their lifestyle and diet but also because of universal health care system. Expenses of health care treatment for poor are picked up by the government. All Japanese citizens are covered under medical system. It is not only cheap but also available anytime anywhere to everyone. Japanese patients can see their specialist anytime without going through appointment process. Because people are provided medical coverage irrespective of their predisposition towards any illness, almost everyone has access to top-quality medical treatments. This has resulted in longer life expectancy for Japanese. The country is facing greying and shrinking of its population but it has been able to provide effective medical care to every Japanese citizen. Similar to any other building, medical centres also benefit by using fire retardant paint.
Japanese Health Insurance
With its universal health insurance, Japan has been able to reduce the financial barriers that restrict access to specialist health care. It has better success rate compared to other developed countries in providing health coverage to all citizens. A person is unlikely to go bankrupt because of an extraordinary high medical bill. All people are covered under health insurance provided either by the government or the employer. There are government managed plans that are provided by the Social Insurance Agency of the government. Medical insurance coverage is also available from Health Insurance Societies and Mutual Aid Associations. Independent plans for day labourers who cannot find work all year round are also available.
Types of Medical Care
People covered under health insurance benefits can access basic medical care, hospital care, ambulatory services, dental care and extended care. Some medical treatments like abortion, cosmetic surgery, a few high-tech procedures, some types of hospital amenities, and treatments using traditional medicines are not covered under the insurance. Some medical care treatments are provided on case-by-case basis.
Japanese patients are not denied health insurance coverage by any Japanese insurer. Even individuals suffering heart disease cannot be denied insurance coverage. There are no long waiting lists so the patients are able to receive treatments quickly. The excellent health care system also comes with a few problems. Doctors are in short supply and they do not get paid as much as their counterparts in other developed countries. New drugs are not approved as fast as even in developing countries. Patient data is not available as much as needed in all medical fields. While the medical care expenses are low the quality is compromised sometimes because doctors are overworked.